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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 1-8

Probiotics: The marvelous factor and health benefits


1 Department of Biotechnology, Theni College of Arts and Science, Theni; Department of Environmental Studies, Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India
2 Department of Environmental Studies, Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. S Vijayaram
Department of Biotechnology, Theni College of Arts and Science, Veerapandi, Theni - 625 534; Department of Environmental Studies, Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai - 625 021, Tamil Nadu
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/bbrj.bbrj_87_17

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The aim of this study is well stated to address in recent advances on probiotics in the past 50 years. Probiotics are the living cell organisms. It is a presence in human and animal gut. The probiotic organisms are natural antibiotics in the human-animal gut. This reviews the main role mechanisms of action in probiotics such as probiotics are antibiotics, probiotics in antibacterial activity, probiotic action in fish gut bacteria, dietary supplements of probiotics, gastrointestinal microbiota of fishes, microbial community of the gastrointestinal tract of fish, bioactive compounds from probiotic bacteria, probiotic uses in cancer therapeutic applications, and applications of probiotics. The most common probiotics are used in many ways such as boosting the immune system, inhibition of pathogenic organism, prevention of cancer, reduction of inflammatory bowel disease, reducing cholesterol level, and synthesis of Vitamin A. Nowadays, food products are mainly involved in chemical preservatives. These preservative agents are causing the disease to affect the human health. The probiotic food products are used to the development of human-animal health.


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