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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 186-188

The hemostatic properties of chitosan in oral surgery

1 Department of Biomedicine and Prevention, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy
2 Department of Systems Medicine, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy
3 Department of Clinical Sciences and Translational Medicine, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Rocco Franco
Department of Biomedicine and Prevention, University of Rome “Tor Vergata”, Via Montpellier, 100133 Rome, Italy. University Hospital of Rome “Tor Vergata”, Dental Clinic, Viale Oxford, 81, Rome
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/bbrj.bbrj_43_20

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Chitosan (CS) belongs to the natural linear aminopolysaccharide family. It is formed by a repetition of D-glucosamine units (deacetylated units) and a smaller number of N-acetyl-D-glucosamine units. Their distribution is casual. It derives from chitin which is a naturally occurring polysaccharide in the arthropod exoskeleton. CS is a biocompatible material and for this reason it is used in medicine, especially in dentistry. It also has anti-inflammatory and regenerative properties. It is used in conservative dentistry, periodontology, especially in oral surgery. Its antibacterial and hemostatic properties are useful in the surgical treatment of patients on anticoagulant/antiplatelet therapy. The purpose of this work is to analyze through a systematic review of the literature on the use of CS as a local hemostatic.

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