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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 109-116

Assessment of the sofosbuvir + daclatasvir (±) ribavirin treatment and the prognostic efficacy of interferon-gamma induced protein 10, macrophage inflammatory-1-beta, and C-reactive protein in Hepatitis C Egyptian patients' therapy outcome

1 Department of Zoology, Physiology and Immunology Unit, Faculty of Science, Menoufia University, Shibin El Kom, Egypt
2 Department of Clinical Pathology, National Liver Institute, Menoufia University, Shibin El Kom, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Hany Mohammed Ibrahim
Department of Zoology, Physiology and Immunology Unit, Faculty of Science, Menoufia University, Shibin El Kom
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/bbrj.bbrj_209_21

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Background: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is the most important virus among the infectious agents as the cause of liver disease in Egypt. The aim of this work was to assess the efficacy and tolerability of the sofosbuvir + daclatasvir (±) ribavirin (SOF + DCV [±] RBV) regimens and to evaluate the association of interferon-gamma induced protein 10 (IP-10) and macrophage inflammatory-1-beta (MIP-1β) and C-reactive protein (CRP) with treatment responses as potential biomarkers for the prognosis of HCV in patients from Kafer EL-Sheikh Province, Egypt. Methods: HCV Patients were treated with a combined treatment of SOF plus DCV with or without RBV for 12 weeks. The biochemical, hematological parameters, HCV RNA load, IP-10, MIP-1β, and CRP were detected pre- and post-treatment. Results: Both SOF-based regimens improved the liver function, anemia, leukopenia, and thrombocytopenia especially after treatment with SOF, DCV, and RBV. Sustained virological response 12 was slightly higher in the group receiving (SOF and DCV) therapy (99.42%) when compared to (SOF, DCV, and RBV) therapy (98.44%). The most common adverse events were fatigue, headache, anorexia, rash, and nausea. Interestingly, higher levels of the IP-10, MIP-1β, or CRP were observed in the serum of patients with HCV before treatment, and their levels significantly decreased after the treatment of both regimens. Conclusions: Our study revealed that SOF-based regimens are efficacious in controlling the HCV load and IP-10, MIP-1β, or CRP have both bioprognostic efficacy and potential role in predicting treatment responses.

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